.The Medical Field

.The Medical Field

Medical provision for hearing impairment

Whether you have an acute or continually progressive hearing loss, or your old implant needs to be replaced – you can find useful medical information here as well as Austrian institutions that will ensure a fast and safe diagnosis and provision and optimal support.

Hearing and Hearing Loss

You can find detailed information about how hearing works and how hearing loss occurs on the MED-EL website. Amongst other things, you can find a graphic representation which shows the steps of hearing process. The different types of hearing loss are also explained.

Decision to have a hearing implant

From suspected issue to diagnosis

Hearing disorders, especially on one side, unless they arise from illness or accident, develop slowly, so that they are often recognised and treated very late. Have you noticed yourself that you can no longer follow the professor in the lecture hall or that you can no longer take part in conversations at lunch with your colleagues at work?

Further steps to the expert

If that is the case, you should go straight to a specialist. Early hearing provision is hugely important for your professional career.
Your prudent general doctor will then refer you to a registered ENT expert or even to an ENT clinic nearby, who will arrange further tests to get a final diagnosis.

Hearing implant systems

If it should transpire that the degree or type of hearing loss excludes the possibility of a conventional hearing aid, you can get some information here about the option of an implant system aimed at people with the most severe hearing losses.

The hearing solutions to treat hearing losses are as varied as the types of those hearing losses. You can get a good insight into the most modern hearing solutions here:

Information on the reliability of MED-EL implant systems here:

Bilateral hearing provision

Specialists explain conclusively to us why nature gives us two ears, that it is not a coincidence and what we lose by having only one ear.
Bilateral (both sides) cochlear implants or an implant in the deaf ear where there is a unilateral hearing loss or as a supplement to the hearing aid on the other ear enables localization,equally good hearing and understanding from all directions and thus a balanced and three-dimensional hearing impression and consequently better understanding of speech in a noisy environment. Since everything is heard from both sides, you can also perceive the sound more loudly. This effect makes hearing “easier” and you will not tire so quickly with difficult conversation subjects or group discussions. Apart from that, the central hearing (brain) of both sides is stimulated, and last but not least, the implant on the second side offers a back-up system in case batteries run out or a wire in the audio processor breaks.

All in all, it can be said that bilateral implants offer – as, analogously, does an implant on the deaf side – the possibility for optimal hearing and language development and greater security in everyday situations.

Kontakt zu Experten

The service center ZENTRUM HÖREN in Vienna offers the counseling services for people with hearing loss, advises on the different types of hearing implants and provides long-term care for users after the surgery.

You can find the direct contact to the experts, in order to take further steps and book an appointment for a professional counseling.

About the operation

Required preliminary examinations

After a consultation meeting and various audiological tests in your Implant clinic, assuming everything indicates a decision to have a cochlear implant, an X-ray or computer tomography (CT) follow, along with a special test of the function of the auditory nerve, which is a fundamental precondition of a successful implant.
In the case of an implant exchange, a CT scan will also be required to determine the exact location of the old implant thus keeping the duration of the operation duration to a minimum.

Actions before the operation

Cochlear implants are carried out across Austria in many ENT Clinics. You get the best therapeutic and surgical care in all of these institutions so you can be confident in choosing a clinic near you.

A cold might lead to the operation date being postponed. Since these appointments are often set well in advance, you should take special care for one to two weeks in advance of the operation and avoid any situations where you could get a cold.

Please check the list of any medicines you might take regularly together with your general practitioner. Some medicines might be a problem in respect of an operation due to their ingredients and must be discontinued or adjusted in good time.

A comprehensive internal medical examination is standard before any operation which ensures a complication-free operation and recovery procedure.

If you already have a CI or a hearing aid in the other ear, it is helpful to hand the device to the care staff responsible shortly before the operation so that you will have access to it immediately afterwards in the recovery room. If you can’t hear at all, it is definitely sensible to tell the staff early so that they can communicate with you in an appropriate alternative way. Usually, the staff in CI clinics are tuned and trained to work together perfectly.

The operation

You might be excited and anxious. However, you can be reassured by the decades of experience of the clinicians and technicians. By contrast to say, a tonsillectomy (removal of the tonsils), the intervention is in a comparatively harmless area and is now a routine intervention in ENT surgery.
Generally, the operation is carried out with minimal invasion (small incision directly behind the ear), lasts between one and two hours and requires a hospital stay of only a few days, even if the operation is on both sides simultaneously, which is now usual.

In the implantation, a reception coil is attached to the skull behind the ear and an electrode is fed into the cochlea through a small opening called the oval window. An intra-operative test by the technician in attendance will establish whether you respond positively to the first stimulation of the implant.

After the operation

The medical staff in the recovery room will look after you immediately after the operation and should be informed of your hearing impairment.

The pain from the wound will not be too great or last for too long as it is now only a small incision. Young patients in particular now also recover much faster as the duration of the anaesthetic has been significantly shortened with the decades of development of operation techniques.

The more advanced the age of the patient, the greater the chance of feelings of dizziness after the operation. In itself, this is harmless and arises because the operation is near your balance organs. If this happens, inform the hospital staff.

In the course of discharge from the clinic, the medical and care staff will give you some information to take home that must be followed. This includes:

  • Regularly taking any medicines required (antibiotics, painkillers etc.)
  • The hair may not be washed until the stitches are removed (stitches must remain dry)
  • General protection in the first weeks up to initial programming.

First hearing impressions with the implant system

At the earliest after the stitches are removed (around ten days after the operation) but at the latest four weeks after the operation, the fitting and programming takes place. In this, you receive the outer part of the implant the “audio processor” which is worn behind the earlobe or as a Button processor (slightly above). The system can only be activated by this. Up until this day, the ear is still deaf after the operation. The audio processor is switched on and programmed. Audio signals can immediately be transmitted to the implant and perceived. This is a great and unforgettable moment for you and your relatives!

Tip: Take someone to accompany you to the first appointments! A partner, friend or relative can be a great support, especially in the initial phase and offers security in what might be a stressful situation for you.

A person’s right to happiness, freedom, and self-realization is indisputable.

W.D. Baumgartner, AKH Vienna

“A person’s right to happiness, freedom, and self-realization is indisputable.“

W.D. Baumgartner, AKH Vienna

Radiological examination with hearing implants

If a radiological examination is required for any reason following the fitting of the implant, this is not a cause for concern for users of MED-EL systems.

Whilst X-ray imaging, Computer tomography (CT), sonography (ultrasound) or scintigraphy can be carried out without special preparation and with no concerns, you must be aware of the field strength (Tesla) used in magnetic resonance tomography (MRT, MRI). In the clinical range, field strengths of 1.0 or 1.5 Tesla are usual, and recently up to 3.0 Tesla. Machines with higher magnetic force are only used in research.
With the exception of the previously used middle-ear implants VORP 502, all MED-EL hearing implants are MR compatible up to 1.5 Tesla, the SYNCHRONY-implant with the special magnetic assembly even to 3.0 Tesla.

Users of MED-EL implants report an unpleasant sensation in MR only in rare cases, and no serious complications for MED-EL users have yet arisen through MR.
In any MR-examination, the doctor carrying out the examination should be informed about the implant when the appointment is made so that there is enough time before the appointment for any enquiries to be made with the manufacturer of the implant. Detailed and current specifications about the compatibility of its implants with medical procedures are provided by MED-EL at http://www.medel.com/isi/.


Kontakt zu Experten

The service center ZENTRUM HÖREN in Vienna offers the counseling services for people with hearing loss, advises on the different types of hearing implants and provides long-term care for users after the surgery.

You can find the direct contact to the experts, in order to take further steps and book an appointment for a professional counseling.

Persönlicher Kontakt zu Betroffenen

Die Möglichkeit, mit anderen NutzerInnen direkt in Kontakt zu treten, ist gerade am Anfang dieser besonderen Reise auf dem Weg zum (wieder) Hören wichtig für Betroffene. Hier finden Sie persönliche Kontakte, die sich gerne für unsere Website als BeraterInnen und zum Erfahrungsaustausch zur Verfügung gestellt haben – denn Hören verbindet!

Registered doctors

The lists of all registered pediatric and ENT doctors can be found here!

ENT clinics

A list of all ENT clinics dealing with hearing implants can be found here!